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The recent occupation of Ukrainian territory by Russian military forces has spawned many "cyberattacks" – which include the disabling and defacing of websites with "pro-Russia propaganda messages_, "and the overall disruption of the region's "_communication networks_, "according to an article published by The Web Hosting Industry Review website. These acts of "_hacktivism_"within the Crimean peninsula, according to the article, are prompted mostly from "_social, political and religious issues_" that come from "_both sides_" of the conflict. The article noted that a "_Ukrainian hacktivist group_" known as "_Cyber-Berkut_" reportedly "_claimed responsibility for vandalizing 40 websites since the dispute began."
The primary tool behind many acts of "hacktivism_" is the _Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack, which, according to the article, is used to "overwhelm servers with a large number of requests so that legitimate traffic can't reach sites." Chris Risley, CEO of Defense.net, a DDoS mitigation provider, commented in the article that these actions have been "_responsible for many of the largest volume DDoS attacks._" Defense.net's CTO Barrett Lyon feels the term "hacktivism" is a very "misleading" term as he comments in the article saying, "_What you're doing is cutting off internet access to somebody, and saying it's okay for anyone to make a decision on who's online and who's not. It goes against the whole cause of an open internet._"
Written by Bryon Turcotte / March 7, 2014