DNS (Domain Name Service) is how the Internet that converts human-readable domain names (example.com) into computer-readable IP addresses (for example, 22.214.171.124). DNS uses zone files that reside on your server to map domain names to IP addresses. The DNS is also used to tell various services what should be done with your domain name. Such as what server to send mail to for that domain and where the website is actually located.
There are several different types of records in a domain’s zone file. This feature allows you to create, edit, and delete A (Address Record), AAAA (IPv6 Address Record), CNAME (Canonical Name Record), SRV (Service Record), and TXT (Text Record) records.
Finding the Advanced DNS Editor in cPanel
- You will want to start by Logging into your cPanel dashboard
- Once there, you’ll see several categories on the right hand panel of the screen. Scroll down to the Domains category and find the Advanced DNS Editor icon. Click that to enter the editor.
- Select the domain you will be working with from the Select A Domain dropdown menu.
Add an A Record
Go to the Add A Record section and fill out the fields for your desired record.
|Name||Name your record. Be sure that it ends with your domain name and a period. Ex: record.inmotionhosting.com.|
|TTL||Time To Live. The record will exist on DNS servers around the world for this fixed amount of time. After it expires, they will need to recontact the server to reset the record. This is set in seconds, so 14400 is 4 hours, which is a good standard. Setting the TTL too low can have an adverse effect on the server.|
|Type||Choose from the dropdown. There are A records, CNAMEs, and TXT records (see below).|
|Address||The server address that the record refers to. It can be set as an IP address, a domain name, or a subdomain. TXT records will be set as text set within quotes.|
Record Types Explained
A – This record maps hostnames to IP addresses. A records are a necessary component as they allow DNS servers to locate your website and its various services on the Internet. Without appropriate A records, your visitors cannot access your website, FTP site, or email accounts.
AAAA – This record maps hostnames to IPv6 addresses.
CNAME – This record creates an alias for another domain name, which DNS looks up. This is useful, for example, if you point multiple CNAME records to a single A record in order to simplify DNS maintenance.
[notification type=”alert-info” close=”false” ]Note: You can’t point a CNAME record to an IP address, that’s what A records are used for[/notification]
SRV – This record provides information about available services on specific ports on your server.
[notification type=”alert-info” close=”false” ]Note: The SRV record must point at a hostname with an A (or AAAA) record. You cannot point an SRV record at a CNAME record.[/notification]
TXT – This record contains text information for various services to read. For example, TXT records can specify data for the SPF (Sender Policy Framework) or DKIM (Domain Keys Mail Identifier) email authentication systems.
[notification type=”alert-info” close=”false” ]Note: On servers that run CentOS 7, you may see a named warning about the absence of SPF resource records on DNS. This would not be relevant, as CentOS 7 Servers would use TXT records instead of SPF records.[/notification]
Once you’ve entered all information for your record, click on the Add Record button just under the data entry fields.
Congratulations! You’ve just created a DNS record with the Advanced DNS Editor. If necessary, you may edit existing records. Find the record in the list at the bottom of the screen. The left hand side of each row has a Delete and Edit link for the respective record.
Edit a record
To edit a record, perform the following steps:
- If this account has more than one domain, select the domain that you wish to manage from the Domain menu.
- Click Edit next to the record that you wish to edit.
- Change the information in the text boxes as necessary.
- Click Edit Record to save your changes, or click Cancel to discard them.
Delete a record
To delete a record, perform the following steps:
- If there is more than one domain on the cPanel account, select the domain that you wish to manage from the Domain menu.
- Click Delete next to the record that you wish to remove.
- Click Delete.
[notification type=”alert-info” close=”false” ]If you should have any questions or would like assistance, do feel free to contact us through Live Chat, on our Phones, or by submitting a ticket with our Technical Support team.[/notification]