Web Host Manager (WHM) provides you with configuration options for the Exim mailserver.
You can find these configurations in the Exim Configuration Manager located in the Service Configuration category. This guide is intended for Hostwinds clients with a Cloud VPS or Dedicated Server with a cPanel license and access to WHM.
- Apache SpamAssassin reject spam score threshold: Specifies the SpamAssassin score threshold a mail must be detected as for it to be rejected at SMTP time. Can also be disabled.
- Dictionary attack protection: Drops and ratelimits hosts with more than 4 failed recipients to prevent dictionary attacks.
- Reject remote mail sent to the server’s hostname: Specifies whether or not to reject mail at SMTP time if the recipient’s address is to the hostname of the server.
- Enable Apache SpamAssassin for secondary MX domains: Specifies whether mail sent to the primary mail exchanger for domains listed within the secondary MX list will also be scanned with Apache SpamAssassin.
- Ratelimit suspicious SMTP servers: Specifies whether to ratelimit incoming SMTP connections from hosts that have previously attacked this server, have been recently matched on a mailing blacklist (RBLs), or did not set QUIT with the connection.
- Apache SpamAssassin: ratelimit spam score threshold: Specifies a spam score threshold for mail sent in from hosts to enable ratelimiting on those hosts.
- Ratelimit incoming connections with only failed recipients: Specifies whether to enable ratelimiting on incoming SMTP connections that have only sent to failed recipients five separate times within the past hour.
- Require HELO before MAIL: Specifies whether incoming SMTP connections are required to send HELO before MAIL.
- Introduce a delay into the SMTP transaction for unknown hosts and messages detected as spam: Specifies whether the SMTP receiver should wait additional seconds for a connection when the inbound messages are detected as spam.
- Do not delay the SMTP connections for hosts in the Greylisting “Trusted Hosts” list: Specifies whether hosts listed as “trusted hosts” in the greylist should be exempt from introducing delays to the SMTP connection.
- Do not delay the SMTP connections for hosts in the Greylisting “Common Mail Providers” list: Specifies whether hosts listed as “common mail providers” in the greylist should be exempt from introducing delays to the SMTP connection.
- Require remote (hostname/IP address) HELO: Specifies whether incoming SMTP connections are required to send a HELO that does not match the primary hostname or local IP.
- Require remote (domain) HELO: Specifies whether incoming SMTP connections are required to send a HELO that does not match the server’s local domains.
- Require RFC-compliant HELO: Specifies whether incoming SMTP connections are required to send a HELO following internet standard format (RFC2821 126.96.36.199).
- Allow DKIM verification for incoming messages: Specifies whether Exim should verify the signature of incoming mail, even if Exim is not configured to act upon the results of the verification.
- Reject DKIM failures: Specifies whether or not to reject mail at SMTP time if the DKIM signature of the sender fails validation. Requires Allow DKIM verification for incoming messages to be enabled.
- Maximum message recipients (soft limit): Specifies the limit for the number of recipients a single message can have before rejecting recipient addresses.
- Maximum message recipients before disconnect (hard limit): Specifies the number of recipients a single message can have before disconnecting and ratelimiting the connection.
- Automatically whitelist known mobile device providers: Specifies whether hosts specified within the known mail providers file are to be automatically whitelisted.
- Blacklisted SMTP IP Addresses: Lists and allows editing of the IP addresses of SMTP hosts that are blacklisted.
- Sender verification bypass IP Addresses: Specifies the IPs that bypass the SMTP-time sender verification checks.
- Only-verify-recipient: Specifies hosts or IPs that are exempt from spam checks at SMTP time, except for recipient verification.
- Trusted SMTP IP Addresses: Specifies IP addresses that are exempt from all SMTP sender, recipient, spam, and relaying checks.
- Backup MX Hosts: Specifies hosts with rDNS where connections are allowed regardless of rate limits.
- Trusted mail users: Specifies users on the server that may set the ‘From:’ header to any value when Rewrite From: header to match actual sender is enabled.
Domains and IPs
- Send mail from the account’s IP address: Specifies whether to use the account’s IPv4 address for outgoing mail rather than the server’s default IP.
- Reference /etc/mailhelo for custom outgoing SMTP HELO: Specifies whether to send HELO based on the domain listed in /etc/mailhelo.
- Reference /etc/mailips for custom IP on outgoing SMTP connections: Specifies whether to send outgoing mail from the IP that matches the domain listed in /etc/mailips.
- System Filter File: Specifies the location for the system filter file.
- Attachments: Filter messages with dangerous attachements: Specifies whether or not to filter mail with dangerous attachements.
- Apache SpamAssassin: Global Subject Rewrite: Specifies whether or not to prefix the ‘X-Spam-Subject’ header prefix onto the ‘Subject’ header and omits the ‘X-Spam-Subject’ header.
- Apache SpamAssassin: bounce spam score threshold: Specifies the spam score threshold for the server to bounce mail scored above this value.
- Apache SpamAssassin: X-Spam-Subject/Subject header prefix for spam emails: Specifies the text to prefix either the ‘X-Spam-Subject’ or ‘Subject’ headers for messages that Apache SpamAssassin marks as spam.
- Log sender rates in the exim mainlog: Specifies whether or not to include sender rates in the exim mainlog.
- Sender Verification Callouts: Specifies whether to verify the existence of email senders with callouts.
- Smarthost support: Specifies the route_list entry for sending outgoing messages with a smarthost.
- Rewrite From: header to match actual sender: Specifies whether the From: header will be rewritten to match the address of the actual message sender.
- Send generic recipient failure messages: Specifies whether to display “The recipient cannot be verified. Please check all recipients of this message to verify they are valid.” message instead of a specific reason why sending mail to a recipient would fail.
- Allow mail delivery if malware scanner fails: Specifies whether or not to defer mail if the virus/malware scanner fails.
- Sender Verification: Specifies whether to validate the domain a mail reports as its origin actually exists.
- Set SMTP Sender: headers: Specifies whether to set the Sender: header as the account used for SMTP login.
- Allow mail delivery if spam scanner fails: Specifies whether or not to defer mail if the spam scanner fails.
- Enable Sender Rewriting Scheme (SRS) Support: Specifies whether to enable support for rewriting the sender address such that the email appears to come from the forwarding mail server.
- Query Apache server status to determine the sender of email sent from processes running as nobody: Specifies whether cPanel will query the webserver in order to determine the sender if the X-PHP-Script headers are not available.
- Trust X-PHP-Script headers to determine the sender of email sent from processes running as nobody: Specifies whether cPanel will use the X-PHP-Script headers to determine the sender of a message for email archiving and limits, if the MailHeaders patch is installed in EasyApache.
- Hosts to which to advertise the SMTP DSN option: Specifies the hosts to which SMTP DSN support is advertised.
- Hosts to which to advertise the SMTPUTF8 SMTP option: Specifies the hosts to which SMTPUTF8 support is advertised.
- Manage Custom RBLs: Specifies custom RBLs the server will use to reject mail at SMTP time.
- RBL: bl.spamcop.net: Specifies whether to use the bl.spamcop.net RBL to reject mail at SMTP time.
- RBL: zen.spamhaus.org: Specifies whether to use the zen.spamhaus.org RBL to reject mail at SMTP time.
- Exempt servers in the same netblocks as this one from RBL checks: Specifies whether or not servers listed in the same IANA netblock are subject to RBL checks.
- Exempt servers in the Greylisting “Common Mail Providers” list from RBL checks: Specifies whether or not to run RBL checks on mail from IP address blocks listed in the Greylisting “Common Mail Providers” list.
- Exempt servers in the Greylisting “Trusted Hosts” list from RBL checks: Specifies whether or not to run RBL checks on mail from IP address blocks listed in the Greylisting “Trusted Hosts” list.
- Whitelist: IP addresses that should not be checked against RBLs: Specifies a custom list of IP addresses for which mail sent from them should not have RBL checks run against them.
- Allow weak SSL/TLS ciphers: Specifies whether or not weak SSL/TLS ciphers are allowed.
- Require clients to connect with SSL or issue the STARTTLS command before they are allowed to authenticate with the server: Specifies whether or not authentication credentials are required to use SSL/TLS.
- Scan messages for malware from authenticated senders (exiscan): Specifies whether messages from authenticated senders are scanned using the ClamAVconnector plugin.
- Scan outgoing messages for malware: Specifies whether outgoing messages should be scanned for malware using the ClamAVconnector plugin, rejecting those testing positive.
- Options for OpenSSL: Specifies the SSL/TLS protocol configuration for OpenSSL.
- SSL/TLS Cipher Suite List: Specifies the supported SSL/TLS ciphers.
Apache SpamAssassin Options
- Apache SpamAssassin: Forced Global ON: Specifies whether Apache SpamAssassin is enabled for all accounts.
- Apache SpamAssassin: message size threshold to scan: Specifies the maximum size in KB a message can be for SpamAssassin to scan it.
- Scan outgoing messages for spam and reject based on the Apache SpamAssassin internal spam_score setting: Specifies whether Apache SpamAssassin should scan outgoing mail for spam, and reject those that test positive.
- Scan outgoing messages for spam and reject based on defined Apache SpamAssassin score: Specifies the minimum SpamAssassin score a scanned outgoing mail is determined to be in order to be rejected.
- Do not forward mail to external recipients if it matches the Apache SpamAssassin internal spam_score setting: Specifies whether Apache SpamAssassin must be enabled, either per user or globally, to allow outbound forwarding.
- Do not forward mail to external recpients based on the defined Apache SpamAssassin score: Specifies the spam score a message cannot exceed when SpamAssassin is enabled, either per user or globally, to allow outbound forwarding.
- Enable BAYES_POISON_DEFENSE Apache SpamAssassin ruleset: Specifies whether to increase the score thresholds needed for bayes to learn HAM and SPAM to reduce the effectiveness of bayes poisoning used by spammers.
- Enable Passive OS Fingerprinting for Apache SpamAssassin: Specifies whether to passively enable OS fingerprinting to be used by SpamAssassin.
- Enable KAM Apache SpamAssassin ruleset: Specifies whether SpamAssassin uses the KAM ruleset.
- Enable the Apache SpamAssassin ruleset that cPanel uses on cpanel.net: Specifies whether to use rules for SpamAssassin from SPAM detected commonly at cpanel.net.
The Advanced Editor gives access to every variable and flag within the exim configuration files, allowing you to type in your own values to each entry.
It is recommended to stick with the Basic Editor to avoid accidentally breaking the Exim configuration with incorrectly inputted values in the Advanced Editor.
The Backup tab lets you save a copies of your Exim configuration either to the server itself, or as a download to your local computer.
The Restore tab lets you restore the Exim configuration from a backup generated under the Backup tab.
You can either upload a backup file from your local computer, or any backups that were saved on the server will appear in a table below the upload option. Any backups already on the server will give you a ‘Restore’ link to restore the configuration to that backup.
The Reset tab will let you reset the Exim configuration to a default configuration. You are given the option to specify what parts of the configuration you wish to reset, so you do not need to reset everything.
The reset options are as follows:
- Reset cPanel & WHM Exim configuration files, one option at a time, until the installed Exim Configuration is valid
- Update the installed Exim configuration to the minimum version required by this version of cPanel & WHM
- Reset the entire Exim configuration to the default settings provided with cPanel & WHM
- Reset any manually customized data in the ACLs section
- Reset all Advanced Editor options, except third-party and custom ACLs
- Disable all third-party and custom ACLs
There is no way to reverse a reset, so it is highly suggested to take a Backup of your configuration prior to running a reset.